HC-SR04 distance sensor Python code on Orange Pi
Connect the HC-SR04 to Orange Pi
The HC-SR04 is a cheap and easy to use sensor, used to measure distance with ultrasound. It can be used in many projects where you trigger an action based on an object or person entering an area, like an “alarm”, as I showed in my previous post. Also, you often see this sensor as part of more interesting projects such as robots, like this one.
To make the sensor work with the Orange Pi, this is the connection I used previously:
And a picture of how it looks like:
For full details please check my original post.
Based on this setup and on duxingkei33 code, I wrote a Python code to read this distance sensor. I think having Python code for this sensor will make it easier to integrate the sensor in other projects written in Python.
How to control HC-SR04 in Python
First clone the library:
git clone https://github.com/duxingkei33/orangepi_PC_gpio_pyH3 cd orangepi_PC_gpio_pyH3 sudo python setup.py install
Then create a new Python script, let’s call it distance.py, and type in the code below.
from pyA20.gpio import gpio from pyA20.gpio import port from time import sleep import time #initialize the gpio module gpio.init() #setup the ports gpio.setcfg(port.PC4, gpio.OUTPUT) gpio.setcfg(port.PC7, gpio.INPUT) #set trig to low gpio.output(port.PC4, gpio.LOW) sleep(0.5) while True: #send pulse gpio.output(port.PC4, gpio.HIGH) sleep(0.3) gpio.output(port.PC4, gpio.LOW) #wait for echo to start while (gpio.input(port.PC7) == 0): pass start = time.time() #wait for echo to end while (gpio.input(port.PC7) == 1): pass end = time.time() #get distance in cm print((end - start)/58.0*1000000) sleep(1)
Now run it with Python, as sudo:
sudo python distance.py
Here is a video of the sensor in action:
As you can see, although rarely it can record weird values, it mostly works fine and it reacts quickly.